Billmeier, Uschi. 1999. Mamady Keita: A Life For the Djembe—Traditional Rhythms of the Malinke. Engerda, Germany: Arun-Verlag.


Traditional Ethnic Group: Toma; Forest Guinea, Macenta Region

This rhythm is played for the young girls, after their initiation, when their families organize a big celebration in the village. Only the older women dance with the girls, and the dance is called Baö.

The Toma are not Muslim. For them, scarification is part of their initiation. Scarification involves making many small incisions into the back of the young girls. When these wounds are healed, they play Baö.

The dunun are played without bells.

Bangoura, M'Bemba. 2004. Wofabé.


Region: Macenta; Ethnic group: Toma

Bangoura, Mohamed "Bangouraké." 2004. Djembe Kan.


From the Kissidougou region of Guinea.

This rhythm is also from the forest region of Guinea—the place we call Kissidougou. A long time ago I went on a tour of Guinea with my group "Percussion de Guiné." The people of Kissidougou were singing this rhythm to welcome us when we arrived in the village. This is a welcoming song for all villages of Kissidougou.

Keita, Mamady. 2004. Guinée: Les rythmes du Mandeng. Vol. 1. Fonti Musicali, FMU 0310.


Baö is a rhythm from the Toma people in and around Macenta in the forested region of southern Guinea. At the end of the initiation of young girls, they organize a huge festival and the girls will dance baö. The dunun are played upright without the bells.*

* Transcription mine; of English-language DVD narration.

Bangoura, Fode Seydou. 2005. Fakoly 1.


Baho is a dance from Macenta that marks a boy's entry to manhood. It is sung in the Toma language.