Forè Foté. 1999. Wonberé: Music and Dance in Black and White.


Originating from the Wolof ethnic group of Senegal and originally played on the sabar drum for weddings and festivals, this rhythm is now heard popularly in and around Conakry for celebrations played on yembé and sabar.

Charry, Eric. 2000. Mande Music: Traditional and Modern Music of the Maninka and Mandinka of Western Africa. Chicago; London: University of Chicago Press.


p. 218

Many . . . rhythms played on the jembe are adaptations from other kinds of percussion instruments played by neighboring peoples, sometimes retaining those names: . . . Sabar (Adama Drame 1987-disc; Polak 1996-disc).

Bangoura, Mohamed "Bangouraké." 2004. Djembe Kan.


Originally from Senegal.

Sabar is a song about the Manding, the home of the griots, a place where all singing and dancing began. It is a very important place for all griots to remember. A lot of artists sing about this place. They sing that they are going to the Manding to see all the Griots and the Manding people. It is the place where all traditional music in West Africa began. All African artists know about this place and it is very important for all griots to sing about this place. The griots will carry this traditional rhythm throughout life This is why Sabar is an important rhythm for me.

Kienou, Amadou. 2004. Sya: Rhythmes de la Tradition du Burkina Faso. Felmay, FY8083.


Tradtional Wolof rhythm played during festivals, here adapted for the djembé.

Camara, Alkaly. 2005. Alkaly Camara: Master Balafonist Vol. 1. Dununya, 2395.


Traditionally from Wolof people in Senegal.